ISSUED BY: Human Rights Desk of the Department of Information & International Relations, Tibet Government-in-Exile (Dharamsala)

Human Rights Situation in Tibet for 1995: An Overview

Chinese enforce strict controls as dissent increases in Tibet in 1995

1995 has been a year of growing dissent over Chinese occupation in Tibet following a major crackdown by the Chinese authorities against so-called "splittist activities" in Tibet. This political crackdown has resulted in the violations of many fundamental human rights in Tibet such as the right to freedom of religion, expression, assembly and the right to leave and return to ones own country.

TIN (Tibet Information Network — an independent news service in London) recorded the arrests of 98 Tibetans in 1994. So far this year there have been over 218 known political arrests in Tibet. These include people who were briefly detained and later released. The cause of the increase in arrests is related to the arrest of monks over the Panchen Lama selection process and the Chinese crackdown on the monasteries and nunneries in Tibet. 1995 also saw the deaths of four political prisoners of conscience dying as a result of ill treatment and torture in Chinese police custody. This figure does not represent the true number of deaths caused by maltreatment in police custody as many deaths occur after release from prison which are not reported.

In a major crackdown this year against the independence movement many monasteries and nunneries were raided, resulting in the expulsion of more than 88 monks and nuns in a series of three raids in the early half of the year.

This year diplomatic sources in Nepal admitted that by 19th June at least 200 Tibetans were known to have been deported by the Nepalese police and handed over to Chinese border police. TIN predicted at the end of July this year that the real figures for forced deportations this year was likely to be as high as 400. These forced deportations are continuing despite protests by the U.S, Australia and the UNHCR in Nepal.

There have also been many reports received this year about the harassment and increased surveillance of foreigners in Tibet.

Recently we have seen the selection by the Chinese of a new Panchen Lama, despite the fact that His Holiness declared Gendun Choekyi Nyima, a six year old boy from Nagchu, Tibet, to be the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama on May 14th 1995. Chadrel Rinpoche, the former head of the search committee who was arrested shortly after His Holiness's announcement and accused of "colluding" with His Holiness, is still being detained by the Chinese authorities.

China Politicises the Panchen Lama selection process

The search and recognition of Panchen Lama's reincarnation is a religious matter — H.H. the Dalai Lama

Monasteries and nunneries in Tibet stormed and nuns and monks expelled

Tibetan refugees banded back to Chinese authorities by Nepalese border police

Tibetan independence demonstrations and arbitrary arrests on the rise

Deaths in custody & ill Treatment of Tibetan prisoners of conscience

Four deaths caused by torture and ill treatment in custody were reported this year. Their crime? Peacefully advocating for their right to live in a country free of Chinese military occupation.

Tibetan prisoner of conscience Phuntsok Nyidron wins Reebok Human Rights Award

Fourth World Conference on Women

Tibetan Women Harassed: "China did not live up to its beautiful promises, made while signing the agreement with the U.N. The mismanagement, chaos and harassment that characterised much of 'Beijjing 1995' cannot be forgotten by the international community." - Tsering Norzom, President of Tibetans Women's Association, Oct 1995.

Gendun Rinchen Escaped and Arrived Safely in India

8 December 1995

Human Rights Desk
Department of Information & International Relations
Central Tibetan Administration
Gangchen Kyishong
Dharamsala 176 215 INDIA